The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has found that overexposure to technology at home and in classrooms is associated with lower educational outcomes and social isolation.
The study was based on an assessment in 2012 that surveyed students in 40 countries. It found that increased access to computers improves educational outcomes up to a certain point. But beyond that point (average and higher), computer use in school had negative impacts on academic achievement in reading, and any computer use seemed to have a negative impact on math and science scores.
“Despite considerable investments in computers, Internet connections and software for educational use, there is little solid evidence that greater computer use among students leads to better scores in mathematics and reading,” the report said.
The report suggested that “we have not yet become good enough at the kind of pedagogues that make the most of technology; that adding 21st century technologies to 20th-century teaching practices will just dilute the effectiveness of teaching.”
While student access to computers leads to overall better performance in the classroom, how those computers are used and the amount of time spent on them have a great effect on performance as well, according to the report.