The Truth About Wage Gaps

The Truth About Wage Gaps

-The Most Significant Wage Gaps Are Between Men and Women CEOs

According to Ezra, a provider of digital coaching, women still make up a low proportion of CEOs in 2021 (6%), despite some high-profile success stories. In the UK FTSE 100, there are only six female CEOs compared to 94 men in 2021, the same number as between 2017 and 2019. In 2020, there were just 5 female chief executives, though the number has at least climbed from 3 in 2013.

Surprisingly, the situation in the United States is similar. The U.S. S&P 500 shows 6% of CEOs are female, amounting to 29 out of 471. Clearly, there’s a long way to go on both sides of the pond.

Top Male CEO’s Earn 90% More

The average male CEO earns around £5.3m, ($7.36m USD) compared to £4.42m ($4.14m USD) for women, meaning male CEOs earn 17% more than their female counterparts. Comparing the highest-earning male and female CEOs is starker, with the highest-earning man taking home £58.73m ($81.57m USD) compared to the top woman at £5.89m ($8.18m USD) , a 90% difference.

How does this compare to non-business elites in the U.K.? The average female earned £20,503 ($28,476 USD) in 2020, compared to £29,879 ($41,499 USD) male employee, a 31% difference. To be in the top 10% of earners you’d need to make £46,652 ($64,794 USD) as a man, but as a woman you’d only need to take home £34,472 ($47,877 USD) per year, 26% less.

Most Influential Women in Business

The UK

High profile women that have climbed to the top include Emma Walmsley, chief executive of GlaxoSmithKline. She has held the position since 2017, while she is the only woman among the highest paid CEOs in the FTSE 100, despite earning a tenth of the highest paid male CEO.

Carolyn McCall is CEO of ITV, having previously worked at EasyJet. She is known for preparing the network for the future, as she looks to expand the Britbox streaming service.

In financial services Alison Rose is CEO of the NatWest Group, having risen to the top following a 27-year career at RBS. Her focus is said to be on improving efficiency at the bank by investing in technology but potentially making job cuts, as the bank looks to move on after being bailed out by the taxpayer during the global financial crisis.

North America

In the US Mary T. Barra is chief executive of General Motors, the automobile giant whose brands include Chevrolet, Buick, GMC, and Cadillac. She has been CEO since 2014, while she has focused on preparing the company for the future with technologies like connectivity, electrification and autonomous driving.

Best Buy, a well-known electronics retailer employing 125,0000 across the US, Canada and Mexico, has been led by CEO Corie Barry since 2019.

Michele Buck has been at the helm at The Hershey Company, one of the largest manufacturers of chocolate in the world, since 2017. She has focused on expanding the group via strategic acquisitions.

Most recently, Whitney Wolf Herd has been flying the flag for American women in business, with the IPO of dating app, Bumble.

Founder of Ezra, Nick Goldberg, commented:

“The research uncovered the significant inequalities that still exist in business, as it’s shocking that only 6% of the most influential CEOs are women across the UK and the US. What is more, the select few who do make it to the top typically earn less than their male counterparts. This is a trend we expect to change in the years ahead, but it’s clearly slow progress. Companies need to do more to give their best female employees the opportunities to rise through the ranks.”

Female CEOs in the FTSE 100 
YearMale CEOsFemale CEOs% proportion female CEOs 
FTSE 100 female CEOs   
Carolyn McCallITV   
Emma WalmsleyGlaxoSmithKline   
Liv GarfieldSevern Trent plc   
Alison BrittainWhitbread   
Alison CooperImperial Brands   
Alison RoseNatWest Group   
CEO gender pay gap – 2020
Male/FemaleBaseTotal renumerationDifference £Difference %
Average male CEO£917,579£5,299,609-£883,154-17%
Average female CEO£932,975£4,416,455
Highest male CEO£739,975£58,727,000-£52,840,000-90%
Highest female CEO£1,053,700£5,887,000
General gender pay gap – 2020 
Male/FemaleNet annual salaryDifference £Difference % 
Average male UK£29,879-£9,376-31% 
Average female UK£20,503 
90th percentile male UK£46,652-£12,180-26% 
90th percentile female UK£34,472 
Data DescriptionSource
FTSE100 Female CEOs (UK)IG
Business Leader
Global power women in businessFortune
S&P500 female CEOs (United States)Catalyst
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